Sheer Khorma Recipes

Prep Time
15 Mins

Cook Time
45 to 50 Mins


Traditional sheer khorma. With all the exotic ingredients, releasing their aroma and flavor. Exactly how Maharajah's used to enjoy it.


Milk 2.5 liter
Custard powder 1 tbsp
Vermicelli (split in halves) 1 cup
Dried dates (seeded and cut in fours) 125 gms
Milk (extra) 1/2 liter
Almonds (skinned and cut in thick strips) 50 gms
Currants 50 gms
Dessicated coconut 2-4 tbsp
Green cardamoms (roughly grounded) 11
Sugar 1.5 cups or to taste
Pistachios 2 tbsp
Kewra/Zafran essence a drop
Cream (optional) 1/2 cup
Ghee 1/2 cup

Cooking Directions

Cook dried dates in 1/2 liter milk until all the milk is absorbed and dates are soft.

Add 1/2 cup cream to it, if you like 'sheer khorma' to be creamier.

Now separately, dissolve custard powder and coconut in 2.5 liter milk.

Bring it to boil. Then lower the heat and keep stirring on and off.

Heat a little ghee in a separate pan and lightly fry ground cardamoms in it.

Then add halved vermicelli to it and fry till golden brown.

Add fried vermicelli to milk.

Turn up the heat.

Reduce heat when milk comes to a boil.

Heat more ghee in a pan and fry almonds till very light golden.

Add to milk.

Also add pistachio to milk.

Let the milk on medium heat for a minute and then turn down the heat.

Fry currants in the left-over ghee till they are rounded and golden.

Add fried currants to milk.

Lastly stir in sugar and essence till sugar is dissolved.

Sheer Khorma can be served hot or cold.

Add a few fried dry dates to it before serving.

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Prep Time
15 Mins

Cook Time
25 - 30 Mins

- is famous sweet dish that usually prepared with vermicelli, milk, sugar, nuts. But in this recipe cream is an extra ingredient that adds more sweet and richness in taste and texture.

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Hyderabadi Chicken Biryani

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Prep Time
15 Mins + 6 hours
Cook Time

40 Mins
Heat the oil or ghee in a heavy based sauce pan and fry the onions for 8-10 minutes until light brown.


whole chickens, skinned 2
Rice, basmati 1 1\2 kg
Yogurt 500 g
Red chili powder 1 tsp
As per taste salt
Turmeric 1/2 tsp
Coriander powder 2 tsp
Garam masala 1 tsp
Lemons' (large) juice 1
Medium onion thinly sliced 4
Garlic (crushed) 3 tsp
Ginger (crushed) 2 tsp
Green chillies 10
Coriander, fresh, chopped 1 cup
Mint leaves 1\2 cup
Oil 1\2 cup
Green chillies, chopped 6
Coriander leaves chopped 2 tsp
Some saffron, soaked in two tbsp water
Drops kewra
Few drops of yellow food color

Cooking Directions

Heat the oil or ghee in a heavy based sauce pan and fry the onions for 8-10 minutes until light brown.
Remove the onions from the oil and reserve 1\4 onions for later use
Put the fried onions, garlic, ginger, coriander leaves, mint, green chilies, salt and pepper in a blender or food processor and blend to a paste.
Mix this paste with yogurt, garam masala, lemon juice and 2 tbsp oil.
Cut each chicken into eight pieces and then marinate with the yogurt mixture for about 6 hours or overnight in a refrigerator
Put the rice in a sieve and wash it thoroughly under a running cold tap until the water runs clear.
Soak the rice in plenty of water for half an hour.
In a large heavy based pan put plenty of water and add 1 stick cinnamon, 6 cloves, 5 big cardamoms, 8 small cardamoms, 2 bay leaves and salt.
Bring it to a rapid boil and add the washed rice.
When the rice are 1\4 cooked, drain and keep aside
In a large pan place 1\2 cup of oil at the bottom of a large heavy based pan then place the chicken and all the marinade.
Cover the meat with the rice and level it with a spatula.
Sprinkle reserved fried onions, chopped coriander, green chilies and saffron on the top of the rice.
Mix the food color with a little water and sprinkle over the rice
Cover with a tight fitting lid or cover with a large piece of thick aluminum foil and then place the lid.
Cook for 15 minutes on medium heat then reduce the heat to a very low and cook for further 20 to 25 minutes, until the rice and meat are tender
Once the dish is cooked, leave it covered for a few minutes.
Then remove the lid, fluff up the rice with a fork
Serve with Raita and Baingan Ka Raita

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Economic History

Economic history
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Economy: concept and history
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This article is about the academic field. For historical events, see Economic history of the world.
For changes in economic ideas, see History of economic thought.
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Economic history is the study of economies or economic phenomena in the past. Analysis in economic history is undertaken using a combination of historical methods, statistical methods and by applying economic theory to historical situations and institutions. The topic includes business history, financial history and overlaps with areas of social history such as demographic history and labor history. Quantitative (econometric) economic history is also referred to as cliometrics.[1]

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Treating economic history as a discrete academic discipline has been a contentious issue for many years. Academics at the London School of Economics and the University of Cambridge had numerous disputes over the separation of economics and economic theory in the interwar era. Cambridge economists believed that pure economics involved a component of economic history and that the two were inseparably entangled. Those at the LSE believed that economic history warranted its own courses, research agenda and academic chair separated from mainstream economics.

In the initial period of the subject's development, the LSE position of separating economic history from economics won out. Many universities in the UK developed independent programmes in economic history rooted in the LSE model. Indeed, the Economic History Society had its inauguration at LSE in 1926 and the University of Cambridge eventually established its own economic history programme. However, the past twenty years have witnessed the widespread closure of these separate programmes in the UK and the integration of the discipline into either history or economics departments. Only the LSE and the University of Glasgow retain separate economic history departments and stand-alone undergraduate and graduate programmes in economic history. The University of Warwick now has the greatest number of economic historians working in an economics department anywhere in the UK, but has virtually no PhD students specialising in the subject. The LSE, Glasgow and the University of Oxford together train the vast majority of economic historians coming through the British higher education system.

In the US, economic history has for a long time been regarded as a form of applied economics. As a consequence, there are no specialist economic history graduate programmes at any mainstream university anywhere in the country. Instead economic history is taught as a special field component of regular economics PhD programmes in some places, including at University of California, Berkeley, Harvard University, and Yale University.

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FREE Credit Defination

Credit is the trust which allows one party to provide resources to another party where that second party does not reimburse the first party immediately (thereby generating a debt), but instead arranges either to repay or return those resources (or other materials of equal value) at a later date. The resources provided may be financial (e.g. granting a loan), or they may consist of goods or services (e.g. consumer credit). Credit encompasses any form of deferred payment.[1] Credit is extended by a creditor, also known as a lender, to a debtor, also known as a borrower.

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Credit does not necessarily require money. The credit concept can be applied in barter economies as well, based on the direct exchange of goods and services (Ingham 2004 p.12-19). However, in modern societies credit is usually denominated by a unit of account. Unlike money, credit itself cannot act as a unit of account.

Movements of financial capital are normally dependent on either credit or equity transfers. Credit is in turn dependent on the reputation or creditworthiness of the entity which takes responsibility for the funds. Credit is also traded in financial markets. The purest form is the credit default swap market, which is essentially a traded market in credit insurance. A credit default swap represents the price at which two parties exchange this risk – the protection "seller" takes the risk of default of the credit in return for a payment, commonly denoted in basis points (one basis point is 1/100 of a percent) of the notional amount to be referenced, while the protection "buyer" pays this premium and in the case of default of the underlying (a loan, bond or other receivable), delivers this receivable to the protection seller and receives from the seller the par amount (that is, is made whole).

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What is Free Marketing

Free Market

What Does It Mean?What Does Free Market Mean?
A market economy based on supply and demand with little or no government control. A completely free market is an idealized form of a market economy where buyers and sells are allowed to transact freely (i.e. buy/sell/trade) based on a mutual agreement on price without state intervention in the form of taxes, subsidies or regulation.

In financial markets, free market stocks are securities that are widely traded and whose prices are not affected by availability.
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In foreign-exchange markets, it is a market where exchange rates are not pegged (by government) and thus rise and fall freely though supply and demand for currency.

Investopedia Says
Investopedia explains Free Market
In simple terms, a free market is a summary term for an array of exchanges that take place in society. Each exchange is a voluntary agreement between two parties who trade in the form of goods and services. In reality, this is the extent to which a free market exists since there will always be government intervention in the form of taxes, price controls and restrictions that prevent new competitors from entering a market. Just like supply-side economics, free market is a term used to describe a political or ideological viewpoint on policy and is not a field within economics. 

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The United Nations World Food Programme (UNWFP) has planned to establish one warehouse each in Karachi, Hyderabad and Sukkur regions to store food and other essential items for meeting any emergency situation, The News has learnt.

The secretary rehabilitation/director general of the Provincial Disaster Management Authority (PDMA) has forwarded a letter to the senior member Board of Revenue (SMBR), Sindh, regarding the availability of official land in the three regions.

The SMBR had suggested that the case should be put before the Facilitation Committee concerned. He recommended that this may be considered as a provincial government project having no provision of funding in the budget and the land may be allotted for free. Subsequently, all executive district officers (Revenue) of Karachi, Hyderabad and Sukkur had been asked to furnish reports about the availability of land.

The EDOs of Sukkur and Hyderabad had submitted their reports, but the report from the EDO Karachi was still awaited, an official said to The News on Sunday.

The EDO Revenue Sukkur reported that six acres of official land was available in Deh Naseerabad Tapo Arain Taluka, New Sukkur, saying that two acres of the land was proposed for the Sindh Rural Support Organisation while the three acres of land was available for the warehouse project. The report pointed out that the front side of the land was handed over to the Sindh Rural Support Organisation and its rear side was available for the warehouse.

The Sukkur administration reported that there appeared no objection if the available land of three acres of survey No. 277 may be granted to the PDMA as per the existing land grant policy.

Similarly, the Hyderabad administration reported that two acres of government land was available for the warehouse in Deh Ganjo Takar, Taluka Latifabad, some 20 kilometres from Fateh Chowk.

Former EDO Karachi Roshan Ali Shaikh told The News that they had identified land in Keamari for the proposed warehouse.

However, Managing Director PDMA Pir Bux Jamali said the proposed land had already been allotted to other parties. He said that at present no official land has been proposed for the warehouse in the metropolis but it was expected to be provided in Bin Qasim area.

Jamali, who recently visited the proposed lands in Hyderabad and Sukkur, said the UNWFP had planned to set up one warehouse in all four provinces this year. He, however, added that the WFP had asked the PDMA to get the proposed lands transferred to its (PDMAís) name. The PDMA chief said construction work on one such warehouse in Sindh was expected to be initiated in July but it could not be done owing to certain reasons. He added that a summary had been moved to Chief Minister Syed Qaim Ali Shah for granting the lands to the PDMA for the proposed warehouses. Each warehouse would have the capacity to store around 50,000 metric tonnes of commodity. The UNWFP was also said to have planned to set up a helipad, a parking facility and an office in each warehouse.

The MD PDMA said sufficient land was available in Hyderabad where up to five acres could be sought for the proposed warehouse accompanied with other facilities. Similarly, he added, they expect to get around three-and-a-half acres of land in Sukkur for identical purpose.

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In my blogs I have been strongly advocating for LIGHT RAIL TRANSIT for Hyderabad Sindh and many critics have criticized me due to their narrow mindedness and lack of understanding future needs, vision and global trends.
I highly respect my critics and every one has a right to have an opinion but to move forward and modernize we have to think outside the box otherwise cities like Dubai and Abudhabi will still be un-known tiny fishing villages in the desert in the middle of nowhere !! But their think outside the box attitude transformed them great metropolis on the world map as we know it today. WE need the same attitude for our beloved city Hyderabad Sindh, 2nd largest city of Sindh and Cultural capital of Sindh,Pakistan. Untill we achieve Light Rail Transit for our city let us implement BRT for our city.
  • Govt: of Sindh has announced delivery of modern CNG buses for various cities of Sindh and Karachi has already received CNG Buses being the first as usual.
  • Taking advantage of this benefit Hyderabad Government must act fast to plan,and implement BRT (BUS RAPID TRANSIT) for Hyderabad Sindh.
  • BRT is successfully functioning in various cities of the world like Ottawa (Capital city of Canada), Winnipeg Canada, Markham Canada, Halifax Canada,
  • Jakarta Indonesia, Bucharest Romania, London England etc.

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BRT system should Distinctive,Frequent,State of the Art, and On time Limited Bus Stop Service similar to Light Rail Transit. BRT system should be installed in advance of Future LRT lines. BRT will operate on regular roads of Hyderabad Sindh (City+Qasimabasd+Latifabad) with TRANSIT PRIORITY at Traffic Signals and other enhanced features such as Modern and Improved Bus waiting stops and at some major connecting points LARGER SHELTERS called as STATIONS. BRT will run on all major streets and wider roads and highways BRT will run on DEDICATED BUS LANES called as RAPID WAYS where it is possible. Modern sate of the art Buses should be centrally air-conditioned in summer and fully heated in winter with automated stop announcements and display in Urdu and Sindhi languages. Buses will ONLY stop at designated stops with STOP REQUEST PUSH BUTTONS. No more Yelling, cursing. BRT STAFF will be Educated and Uniformed people. In this regard Jobless youth ppl can be trained and recruited. Best Customer Service and Service Excellence should be the priority of the BRT staff.

BRT FARE STRUCTURE: EXACT FARE must be implemented strictly with no change. Fare must be collected at the entrance of the bus into a automated machine. Day Pass, Weekly Pass, and Monthly Pass should also be sold for public. BRT TRANSFERS will be provided after payment of fare for easy transfer to other BRT Lines VALID ONLY at Connecting Stations.
SPECIAL BRT AIRPORT EXPRESS AND RAILWAY STATION EXPRESS Routes connecting with City+Qasimabad+Latifabad should also operate.
In Phase One 3 lines for City, 2 lines for Qasimabad and 2 lines for Latifabad should be launched. In phase two additional lines can be launched.
Following are the BRT LINES STRUCTURE in my opinion. Transport & TRAFFIC Experts in Hyderabad Government can modify ; These are just my innovative ideas and suggestions to get started.
CITY : PINK LINE: Hala Naka-Isra University-Saima Plaza-New Bus Terminal-Hotel City Gate-Hirabad-Market Chowk-Civil Hospital-American Centre-Tilak Charri-St.Bounaventure-Chotki Ghitti/Lajpat Road-Habib Bank-Kohinoor Chock/Resham Galli-Tulsidaas Road-Tope Chowrangi-Railway Station.
CITY: PURPLE LINE: Kalhora Colony-Eye Hospital-Zubaida College-Hotel City Gate-Hirabad-Market Chowk-Civil Hospital-American Centre-Chotki Ghitti/Lajpat Road-Hyder Chowck-Sindh University Old Campus-Press Club/GPO/Radio Pakistan-Gol Building-Saddar-Al-Raheem Plaza-Hotel City Gate-Zubiada College-Eye Hospital-Kalhora Colony.
CITY: YELLOW LINE: Hotel City Gate-Pathan Colony-Qasim Chowck-Military Hospital-Doctors Market-Saddar Jamia Masjid/Bohry Bazaar-Hotel Faran-Bombay Bakery-Gul Centre-Court-Press Club-New Majestic Cinema/Eid Gah Canntt-Pathan Colony-Hotel City Gate.
QASIMABAD: GREEN LINE: Qasimabad Hospital-Neeron Kot-Nasim Nagar-Ali Palace-Pakora Stop-Eid Gah/Sui Gas-Sindh Museum-Wahdat Colony-Thandi Sarak-Niaz Stadium/KFC-Ranni Bagh-Shahbaz Building/PIA Office-Gul Centre-Court-Hyder Chock-Gol Building-Press Club/GPO-Chandni Centre-Bombay Bakery-Gul Centre and BACK TO QASIMABAD.
QASIMABAD: ORANGE LINE: Shahrash Nagar-City School-Ali Palace-Nasim Nagar-HDA Complex-Chandia Goth-Marvi Town-Hyd Bypass-Bhitai Nagar-Rajputana Hospital-Citizen Colony-City Park/Qasim Chocwk-City Gate-Hirabad-Market Chowk-Civil Hospital.

LATIFABAD: RED LINE: Unit 12-Unit 10-Unit 8-Pone Saat-Hilltop-Gul Centre-OLd Campus-Hyder Chowck-Gol Building-Al-Raheem Plaza-Civil Hospital.
LATIFABAD: BROWN LINE: Unit 11-Bhitai Hospital-Unit 5-Unit 7-Auto Bhan Road-Giddu Chowck-Hussainabad-Thandi Sarak-Raani Bagh-Shahbaz Building- Gul Centre-Old Campus-Hyder Chowk.

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’m not sure if this topic has been discussed here or not but I have to ask and I think this is a good way to ask/tell fellow Hyderabadis.
Traffic Jams, though we don’t have real wide roads (as all wide roads have bottle necks) and during peak hours make traffic conditions from bad to worst?

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Why administration doesn’t have any future vision? Why can’t we have
a. wide roads and roads without bottle necks
b. parallel roads to distribute traffic
c. flyovers before roads/junctions become real bottle necks for commuters?
HDA claim that they don’t have money but if they are willing may managed.
One good rain fall makes so many potholes on roads. Who is accountable for this? I think HDA and contractors should be held accountable for this.
Civic Sense: Why do we don’t have basic traffic sense? Why are we always in so much hurry? Why can’t we follow lanes? Why do we have to go to extreme left to make a right turn on a junction? As per me, it will be much easier if we stay in right lane to make a right turn in a junction.
My Suggestion is as a responsible person we should avoid the personal vehicles in office hours, use public transport. If you see in China a person who is in managerial cadre also didn’t use his car to go to office. He simply uses the local trains or public buses. Here we don’t have local trains as well as good buses.
As the government, it has to increase the good CNG buses and frequencies and also introduce local train, so that most of us will prefer to go by CNG bus or train.
In a bus mostly 100-200 people can travel but 1/4 of it of a car will carry 1 or 2 people only, means we are creating the problem. we should not blame the government completely.
I think the hyderabad traffic is getting more & more unfriendly these days. The state transportation should identify the places which are more in rush and start more services in the form of buses or so.
The traffic cops should be ready to clear the traffic at regular intervals especially those areas which are always busy.
I love Hyderabad and I want Hyderabad to become better city of Pakist

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